Protecting your personal banking information can help reduce your risk of identity theft.
According to www.consumer.ftc.go, there are four main ways to do it: know who you share information with; store and dispose of your personal information securely, especially your Bank Verification Number; ask questions before deciding to share your personal information; and maintain appropriate security on your computers and other electronic devices.
Keeping your personal information secure offline
There is a need for you to always lock your financial documents and records in a safe place at home, and also lock your wallet or purse in a safe place at work. Keep your information secure from roommates or workers who come into your home.
Limit what you carry. When you go out, take only the identification, credit, and debit cards you need. Leave your sensitive information at home.
Before you share information at your workplace, a business, your child’s school, or a doctor’s office, ask why they need it, how they will safeguard it, and the consequences of not sharing.
Shred receipts, credit offers, credit applications, insurance forms, physician statements, cheques, bank statements, expired charge cards, and similar documents when you don’t need them any longer.
Destroy the labels on prescription bottles before you throw them out. Don’t share your health plan information with anyone who offers free health services or products.
Take outgoing mail to post office collection boxes or the post office. Promptly remove mail that arrives in your mailbox. If you won’t be home for several days, request a holiday hold on your mail.
When you order new cheque books, don’t have them mailed to your home, unless you have a secure mailbox with a lock.
Consider opting out of pre-screened offers of credit and insurance by mail. The three main credit bureau agencies licensed by the Central Bank of Nigeria operate on the phone and online. You may contact them if the need arises.
Keeping your personal information secure online
Know who you share your information with. Store and dispose of your personal information securely. Be alert to impersonators. Make sure you know who is getting your personal or financial information. Don’t give out personal information on the phone, through the mail or over the Internet unless you’ve initiated the contact or know who you’re dealing with. If a bank that claims to have an account with you sends email asking for personal information, don’t click on links in the email. Instead, type the company name into your web browser, go to their site, and contact them through customer service. Or, call the customer service number listed on your account statement. Ask whether the bank really sent a request.
Safely dispose of personal information
Before you dispose of a computer, get rid of all the personal information it stores. Use a wipe utility program to overwrite the entire hard drive.
Before you dispose of a mobile device, check your owner’s manual, the service provider’s website, or the device manufacturer’s website for information on how to delete information permanently, and how to save or transfer information to a new device. Remove the memory or subscriber identity module card from a mobile device. You also need to remove the phone book, lists of calls made and received, voicemails, messages sent and received, organiser folders, web search history and photos.
How to protect your financial data
As a digital banking customer of this century, you need to keep your browser secure. To guard your online transactions, use encryption software that scrambles information you send over the Internet. A “lock” icon on the status bar of your Internet browser means your information will be safe when it’s transmitted. Look for the lock before you send personal or financial information online.
Keep passwords private
Use strong passwords with your laptop, credit, bank, and other accounts. Be creative: think of a special phrase and use the first letter of each word as your password. Substitute numbers for some words or letters. For example, “I want to see the Pacific Ocean” could become 1W2CtPo.
Don’t overshare on social networking sites
If you post too much information about yourself, an identity thief can find information about your life, use it to answer ‘challenge’ questions on your accounts, and get access to your money and personal information. Consider limiting access to your networking page to a small group of people. Never post your full name, BVN, address, phone number, or account numbers in publicly accessible sites.
Securing your Bank Verification Number
Keep a close hold on your BVN and ask questions before deciding to share it. Ask if you can use a different kind of identification. If someone asks you to share your BVN, you need to ask the following questions:
- why they need it
- how it will be used
- how they will protect it
- what happens if you don’t share the number
The decision to share is yours. A business may not provide you with a service or benefit if you don’t provide your number. Sometimes you will have to share your number. Your employer and financial institutions need your BVN for wage and tax reporting purposes. A business may ask for your BVN so they can check your credit when you apply for a loan, rent an apartment, or sign up for utility service.
Keeping your devices secure
Install anti-virus software, anti-spyware software, and a firewall. Set your preference to update these protections often. Protect against intrusions and infections that can compromise your computer files or passwords by installing security patches for your operating system and other software programs.
Avoid phishing emails
Don’t open files, click on links, or download programs sent by strangers. Opening a file from someone you don’t know could expose your system to a computer virus or spyware that captures your passwords or other information you type.
Be wise about Wi-Fi
Before you send personal information over your laptop or smartphone on a public wireless network in a library, airport, hotel, or other public places, see if your information will be protected. If you use an encrypted website, it protects only the information you send to and from that site. If you use a secure wireless network, all the information you send on that network is protected.
Lock up your laptop
Keep financial information on your laptop only when necessary. Don’t use an automatic login feature that saves your user name and password, and always log off when you’re finished. That way, if your laptop is stolen, it will be harder for a thief to get at your personal information.
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