WAD goat: Too versatile to be neglected
The West African Dwarf goat breed from coastal West and Central Africa is the progenitor of the African Pygmy breeds in the United States, and the Dutch dwarf and pygmy goat breeds in Great Britain. WAD goats can breed year round. The gestation period for a doe is 145 to 153 days.
Why going for imported goat breeds when you have lots of local WAD breeds that you can hybrid into pedigree species. Always try to raise those breeds which can do well in your area. You can try WAD goats in your area.
WAD goats are very versatile and suitable for farming in Nigeria and can adopt themselves with almost all types of environment (except heavy rain and excessive cold). Through proper care and management you will be able to keep the risk of this business to minimum. But keep in mind some factors before starting, like marketing facilities, availability of necessary things, availability of medicines and veterinary doctor and some other natural facilities.
For the most part, WAD goats are a healthy breed with few kidding problems. New babies average about two pounds at birth but grow quickly. Watch out for those little bucks! Bucklings can be fertile at as young as eight weeks of age. Make sure you wean does and bucks separately to help you avoid those unintentional breeding.
Females can be bred as early as six-seven months of age or once they start cycling. Most breeders prefer to wait until they are at least one year before breeding. WAD females can have several kids at a time two and three being more common than singles. WAD goats are generally good mothers -able to take care of their babies with ease. They can also provide a surprising amount of milk for their size.
The most important fact to remember when feeding your goats is to find out what mineral deficiencies there are in your area, the type of feed that is readily available whether it is from your own grass, or a feed store. Get as much information as possible from the breeder about what supplements they give to their goats if purchasing from someone local.
WAD Goats require roughage to keep their rumen happy and healthy. Many goat breeders use a 12 per cent – 18 per cent protein goat feed or dairy ration. It must not contain urea as this is toxic to goats. Hay or pasture should always be provided in abundant supply; ideally good pasture, weed, and grass are the best. Fresh water should be available at all times. Commercial grain/pellet or a combination of any of these is often given to lactating does to maintain condition while raising their kids or providing milk for your table.
WAD goats, like all other breeds, need some basic care for good health and long life. Hooves should be trimmed regularly, about every four-eight weeks or more often if needed. A properly trimmed and shaped hoof should resemble those of a kid goat’s hoof. There are basic types of vaccinations that should be given yearly, tetanus and types C&D. It is best to check with your local vet for any other vaccinations.
Average cost for improved pedigree breeding stock of one year old is between N30,000 and N35,000 per head depending on the area and availability. Goats with good pedigrees, meat, fibre, skin and milk production records may bring higher prices.
- Starting a WAD goat farming business requires low initial investment or capital.
- WAD goats don’t require huge area for housing because their body size is comparatively smaller than other livestock animals.
- Usually goats are very friendly in nature and very lovable.
- WAD Goats are good breeders and they reach sexual maturity within their six-12 months of age and produce numerous kids per kidding.
- Risks are less for goat farming (even in drought prone areas) than any other livestock farming business.
- No religious taboo against goat farming and meat consumption.
- WAD goat meat and milk are cholesterol free and easily digestible.
- Commercial goat farming business has created a potential way of employment for unemployed people.
- Goats are multipurpose animal. They can produce milk, meat, skin, fiber and manure at the same time.
The WAD goat lives a good age and will breed for many years. The goat also has good disease resistance but there are many things to watch out for.
Point of mate: 12 months old and pregnant females. Orders shall be on the basis of first come first served.
Fast growth and early maturity: Formulated feed, minerals-sea salt, oyster shell, goat pellet, live and oil based supplements are available at close to 30 per cent discount – libido, calcium and immune liquid solution are all available.
Contact us for consultancy or attend Jovana Farms seminars nearest to you and discover how to breed WAD goats! Can’t attend? Order for self-tutorial VCD & book N7,500. Visit us online at www.jovanafarms.com, E-mail:[email protected] or Call: 080 33262 808, for more details. Choose also the nearest venue from our website.
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